Volunteer fire department in Deadwood’s Chinatown
Photo courtesy of South Dakota State Historical Society

     Chinese men came to the Black Hills to look for gold. They also came to start businesses. They sold tools and other supplies to miners. They ran restaurants where miners ate. They started laundries where they washed the miners’ clothes. They worked hard for low pay. Some brought their families to the new country. Most of the Chinese who came to the Black Hills lived in or near Deadwood. Part of Deadwood was called "Chinatown." More than one hundred Chinese lived and worked there. The men in the photograph belonged to the volunteer fire department in Deadwood’s Chinatown.