The best known village of this period is called the Mitchell Prehistoric Indian Village. It was built about one thousand years ago. It was on top of a bluff above a creek. The village also had a ditch and palisade (a fort made of log posts) to protect it. Herds of buffalo lived nearby. Rich soil was also nearby for farming. The people also fished. Today this village site is still in good shape because the land has not been plowed in modern times. Archaeologists dig here to learn about the way early peoples lived. This site is open to the public, who can watch archaeologists at work.

Mitchell Site
Photo courtesy of South Dakota Department of Tourism